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Hard problem of consciousness

Last updated April 18, 2022

Related: mind body problem, Materialism

How do we bridge objective description and subjective experience (qualia)? Is consciousness explainable in terms of brain processes?

What gives rise to consciousness (rel: emergent behaviour), first-person experiences, and a sense of self? Do inanimate and non-human intelligences have personal experiences?

Chalmers

• Certain phenomena are functionally definable – explanation of them requires only the explanation of the relevant functions and the mechanisms that implement them (e.g. hereditary passing of genes and DNA)
• Consciousness is not functionally definable
• Defining information discrimination, integration, and reporting does not fully explain consciousness

# Explanatory Gap

• There is no cognitive function such that we can say in advance that explanation of that function will automatically explain subjective experience