Summarization of the Kademlia paper
Participating computers each have a node ID in the 160-bit key space. Key-value pairs are stored on nodes with IDs “close” to the key for some notion of closeness. A node-ID-based routing algorithm lets anyone efficiently locate servers near any given target key.
- Uniform ID Space: names for both data and nodes share the same ID space
- But collisions are ok as they mean different things depending on the context
- Decide what machine to place data on depending on a measure of ‘closeness’ between the name of the data and name of a machine
- Euclidean distance can be ambiguous, two entries could have the same distance
- XOR distance between $x$ and some arbitrary $y$ will always be unique
- Each node only needs information about its neighbours.
- If the structure of the network is correctly chosen, then global properties apply to the whole network
- Nested routing similar to IP routing
- Each machine has a lot of info about machines closest to it, less about machines far away from it