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Can Machines Think?

Last updated May 5, 2022

Intelligence as a measure of information conversation ratio. How do we test intelligence of machines vs humans?

Intelligence can only be contextually based on information available. There are no intrinsically difficult questions, only with respect to inputs

# Can intelligence be artificial? (Dretske)

There are two ways of thinking about it

  1. Like money → everyone has, some have more than others
    • philosophers view
  2. Like wealth → something possessed by only those who have more than the average amount of money
    • computer scientists view

Thought alone is not enough, the thoughts need to do something, and sometimes explain the doing. Actions that are not governed by/explained by thought are not intelligent

# Biological naturalism (Searle)

Ontologically equivalent to materialism

Two main theses:

  1. all mental phenomena from pains, tickles, and itches to the most abstruse thoughts are caused by lower-level neurobiological processes in the brain
  2. mental phenomena themselves are higher-level features of the brain

Entails that the brain has the right causal powers to produce intentionality

Searle’s Chinese room argument refuting the Turing Test as a valid means for measuring general intelligence.

# Information Processing

Interactive Graph