A formal definition

  1. Me (self-as-object)
    1. Some feature is the object of my awareness
    2. I recognize this feature as mine or ascribe it to myself
  2. I (self-as-subject)
    1. I experience myself as subject of perception/cognition/emotion
    2. Body anchored

Valid in dreams, but also games?

Autoscopic Phenomena

  • Autoscopic Hallucination: you see a double of yourself but do not feel like you have ownership or agnecy over it
  • Heautoscopy: visual perspective switches back and forth between yourself and double and you feel ownership of both
  • Out-of-body experience: you identify the body seen from the outside as yours but have no feeling of agency for it. Direct electrical stimulation at the temporoparietal junction induces out-of-body experiences